Abnormal Pap Smears / Vulval Disorders


A Pap smear is a test used to look for changes in the cells of the cervix. An abnormal Pap test means that some of the cells of the cervix differ in some way from the normal cells. An abnormal result does not prove that you have cancer or even dysplasia (a pre-cancerous condition). However, it usually means you should have further evaluation, such as a colposcopy (microscope used to look at the cervix) or a biopsy (removing a small amount of tissue from the cervix).

One in ten Pap smears indicates some abnormality, though most are not serious. Further testing will be required to determine if you have infection, inflammation, human papilloma virus or pre-cancerous cells.  Sometimes the skin of the vagina and vulva can undergo abnormal changes and require colposcopic examination to assess the situation more accurately.

Treatments and procedures

Colposcopy / CO2 Laser Treatments of the Cervix

A colposcopy is an examination of the cervix, vagina or vulva using a magnifying microscope to check for signs of disease and thi..

Read More